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Historical Tidbit Thursdays - The History of Weaponry - Medieval Europe (part three) - #TidbitThursday #WeaponHistory

Howdy!

Welcome to Historical Tidbit Thursdays. For the next few weeks, we'll follow the timeline presented in the book, "A History of Weaponry" by John O'Bryan. This week we'll continue to look at some of the weapons created during Europe's Medieval Period (1300 - 1500 AD).

 
English Longbow - a large bow made from flexible wood (like yew, ash, elm). These bows took four years to craft. Training to use these powerful bows started when a boy was 7 years old and proceeded for 10 years. Once trained, the man could pull the string with a draw weight of over 150 pounds (image the arm muscles) and could shoot 12 rounds per minute.


Bodkin-Tipped Arrow - these deadly-looking arrowheads were added to the longbow's arrows and could pierce armor


Mancatcher or Man Catcher - a giant metal claw device with spikes inside to slip around a victim's neck

Source:
A History of Weaponry by John O'Bryan; ISBN#978-1-4521-1054-7


Photo Credit: Longbow and Longbows man - http://www.historyforkids.net/medieval-longbow.html
Photo Credit: Mancatcher - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_catcher
Photo Credit: Bodkin Arrowhead - https://www.medievalarchery.com/p-20870-long-bodkin-point-arrowhead.aspx

Western Word of the Week - Bull Nurses - #WesternWordoftheWeek #WesternWednesdays

Howdy!

Welcome to our Weekly Western Word of the Day...or, as I affectionately call it, Western Wednesdays!

Bull Nurses - a humorous term for cowboys who accompanied a shipment of cows

Source:
Cowboy Lingo by Ramon F. Adams; ISBN#0-618-08349-9

Historical Tidbit Thursdays - The History of Weaponry - Medieval Europe (part two) - #TidbitThursday #WeaponHistory

Howdy!

Welcome to Historical Tidbit Thursdays. For the next few weeks, we'll follow the timeline presented in the book, "A History of Weaponry" by John O'Bryan. This week we'll continue to look at some of the weapons created during Europe's Medieval Period (1300 - 1500 AD).


Maul - French peasants and English archers carried these heavy sledgehammers around (tools they would have already owned)


Sword Breaker - a vicious-looking parrying dagger with deep teeth in back of blade; usually with crossguards and quillons to protect the user's hand; the wielder could break the enemy's sword or at the very least trap and pull it out of their hand.



Main Gauche - a parrying dagger that was used in addition to the thin-bladed rapier

Trident Dagger - a dagger that had two or more additional small blades poking out of the hilt for added damage points

Source:
A History of Weaponry by John O'Bryan; ISBN#978-1-4521-1054-7


Photo Credit: Maul - https://www.dragonsfoot.org%2Fforums%2Fviewtopic.php%3Ft%3D60831%26p%3D1392504&psig=AOvVaw0VAYP8xMObAOvYnT0D_5xh&ust=1535033656473469
Photo Credit: Sword Breaker - https://www.bytheswordinc.com/p-11561-the-knights-swordbreaker-dagger.aspx
Photo Credit: Halberd - https://www.battlemerchant.com/Lances-Spears/Halberd-Marto::59893.html?MODsid1=d06b983cb4cb50d4934b7b55d728c08b

Western Word of the Week - Buggy Boss - #WesternWordoftheWeek #WesternWednesdays

Howdy!

Welcome to our Weekly Western Word of the Day...or, as I affectionately call it, Western Wednesdays!

Buggy Boss - an Eastern owner of a ranch who rode around in a buggy or wagon on his inspection tour of his outfit because he didn't ride horseback well. (I can imagine they didn't visit often.)

Source:
Cowboy Lingo by Ramon F. Adams; ISBN#0-618-08349-9

Historical Tidbit Thursdays - The History of Weaponry - Medieval Europe - #TidbitThursday #WeaponHistory

Howdy!

Welcome to Historical Tidbit Thursdays. For the next few weeks, we'll follow the timeline presented in the book, "A History of Weaponry" by John O'Bryan. Last week we viewed weapons from the Dark Ages (400 - 1300 CE).. This week we'll look at some of the weapons created during Europe's Medieval Period (1300 - 1500 AD).


Morning Star - (1300's) German or Flemish spked mace that could penetrate the rings/links of chain mail (shirt of armor).


Buckler Shield - (1200 - 1600) a small round shield held in the hand, with or without spikes


Estoc - (1300's) French slender, thin bladed sword that could squeeze through armor to do damage. (Known as a Tuck in England).


Flail - iron-studded ball on a chain (sometimes multiple balls); impractical and difficult to control but menacing


War Hammer - over two foot long claw or pick hammer; longer version is known as a bec-de-corbin ("crow's beak")

Source:
A History of Weaponry by John O'Bryan; ISBN#978-1-4521-1054-7


Photo Credit: Morning Star Maces - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morning_star_(weapon)
Photo Credit: Estoc - https://myarmoury.com/review_mrl_estoc.html
Photo Credit: Buckler - https://www.medieval-shop.co.uk/battle-ready-shields-/5165-buckler-to-fight-32-cms.html
Photo Credit: War Hammer - https://www.medievalcollectibles.com/p-22632-14th-century-italian-war-hammer.aspx
Photo Credit: Flail - https://www.english-heritageshop.org.uk/collectables/twin-ball-flail

Western Word of the Week - Straw Boss - #WesternWordoftheWeek #WesternWednesdays

Howdy!

Welcome to our Weekly Western Word of the Day...or, as I affectionately call it, Western Wednesdays!

Straw Boss - slang term for the foreman of a ranch or outfit; he was basically the manager over the cowboys and laborers who reported to the owner/owners.

Other terms include "top screw", "cock-a-doodle-doo", or "range boss".

Interestingly, the term "foreman" was rarely used.

Source:
Cowboy Lingo by Ramon F. Adams; ISBN#0-618-08349-9

Historical Tidbit Thursdays - The History of Weaponry - Dark Ages - #TidbitThursday #WeaponHistory

Howdy!

Welcome to Historical Tidbit Thursdays. For the next few weeks, we'll follow the timeline presented in the book, "A History of Weaponry" by John O'Bryan. Last week we ogled the Roman Gladiators. This week we'll look at some of the weapons created during Europe's so-called Dark Ages (400 - 1300 CE).

Francisca - a throwing axe created around 400 CE with a 40 foot range; it was named after the Franks who used it a lot (but didn't invent it). In battle formation, the front line would throw the axes at the enemy before charging.

Greek Fire - invented 672 CE; the Greek soldier would squirt this highly-combustible liquid onto the enemy and set them on fire. Not even water could douse it. This would evolve into the clay grenade that was tossed at enemies.


Dane Axe (or Broad Axe) - Invented about 900 CE; a big, heavy axe requiring both arms to swing it; could chop through a helmet

Lance - similar to a pike; used by infantry; locked under the arm in a "couched" position; popular during the Middle Ages

Longsword - created around 1250 CE; grooves or fullers were forged into the blade making it lighter; by the 14th century a sharper tip was added in order to penetrate armor


Trebuchet - Originated in China in 5th century, but perfected when a counterweight was added. In 13th century, the French added a "counterpoise" (counter weight) as we know the device today. It was popular until the 15th century when firearms rendered them useless.

Source:
A History of Weaponry by John O'Bryan; ISBN#978-1-4521-1054-7


Photo Credit: Dane Axe - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dane_axe
Photo Credit: Trebuchet - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trebuchet

Western Word of the Week - Big Auger - #WesternWordoftheWeek #WesternWednesdays

Howdy!

Welcome to our Weekly Western Word of the Day...or, as I affectionately call it, Western Wednesdays!

Big Auger - slang term for the owner of a ranch or outfit

Other terms include "presidente", "ramrod" or "rod", and "old man"

Source:
Cowboy Lingo by Ramon F. Adams; ISBN#0-618-08349-9

Historical Tidbit Thursdays - The History of Weaponry - Roman Gladiators- #TidbitThursday #GladiatorWeapons

Howdy!

Welcome to Historical Tidbit Thursdays. For the next few weeks, we'll follow the timeline presented in the book, "A History of Weaponry" by John O'Bryan. Last week we took a look at the ancient Roman weapons. This week we'll delve more into the Gladiators, one of my favorite topics in Roman history.

The Gladiator events were the most popular forms of entertainment in ancient Rome. Successful gladiators were highly revered and became like celebrities. Each gladiator depicted a different persona in the arena and would usually fight a complementary persona. These are the most common personas:



Amazones - female gladiators whose helmets showed off their gender; mostly used for novelty or entertainment.

Andabata - wore a helmet that blocked his vision, mostly for ridicule

Cestus - one who boxed with an iron-studded hand wrap

Crupellarius - very heavily armored, completely covered, and not very mobile

Dimachaerus - fought with two swords

Eques - fought on horseback with lances then would dismount and fight with gladius

Essedarius - drove a Celtic war chariot around the arena to crush people

Hoplomachus - heavily armored, modeled after the Greek Hoplite; used a spear and gladius

Laquearius - lightly armored who used a short sword and a lasso

Retiarius - unarmored warrior with a weighted net and a trident

Sagittarius - mounted archer; had to be very accurate to avoid accidentally shooting a spectator

Scissores - used dual-tipped scissor-like blades

Thraex - swordsman who carried a curved blade sica and a rectangular shield

Source:
A History of Weaponry by John O'Bryan; ISBN#978-1-4521-1054-7


Photo Credit: Gladiators - https://www.curriculumvisions.com/search/C/colosseum/colosseum.html

Western Word of the Week - Square- #WesternWordoftheWeek #WesternWednesdays

Howdy!

Welcome to our Weekly Western Word of the Day...or, as I affectionately call it, Western Wednesdays!

Square - the highest compliment for a man (unlike today where it refers to a loser or a nerd); he was ready and willing to "stand by" another man; dependable

Source:
Cowboy Lingo by Ramon F. Adams; ISBN#0-618-08349-9

Historical Tidbit Thursdays - The History of Weaponry - Weapons of the Romans - #TidbitThursday #AncientRomanWeapons #AncientRomanWarfare

Howdy!

Welcome to Historical Tidbit Thursdays. For the next few weeks, we'll follow the timeline presented in the book, "A History of Weaponry" by John O'Bryan. Last week and this week I'll focus on the Ancient Weapons section.


Gladius (Gladii) - Although infamously associated with Romans, this short sword actually originated in Spain (Gladius Hispaniensis) and had a dual-edged blade with a point (similar to the Greek xiphos). The Romans improved it by giving it a slight bulge ("waist") in the middle. This sword was about two feet long.

Pilum (Pila) - A Roman javelin. What made it unique was the untreated iron tip that would collapse and fuse upon piercing into an enemy's shield or armor rendering it useless (so they wouldn't be able to throw it back at the Roman thrower). Interestingly, it had a twenty yard range.


Plumbata - A sort of dart or jart with a long trajectory and a sharp point. Roman legionaries could carry four of these inside their shields and throw them at enemies.


Caltrop - A painful-looking device that rested on three of its four spikes and were thrown all over the battlefield for the horse or camel or hapless man to step onto and hurt their foot. Of course, the Romans weren't immune to accidentally stepping on them either.

Onager or Mangonel - The precursor to the Trebuchet - a device that launched rocks or other large projectiles; a fancier catapult powered by torsion; a single arm was sprung forward into a throwing motion.


Trident - Literally "three teeth" and resembled a pitchfork with three prongs; originally used by fishermen but became popular in gladiatorial games by the "retiarius" who yielded a trident and net to catch hapless victims. Unlike a pitchfork, the middle prong was longer than the other two.

Source:
A History of Weaponry by John O'Bryan; ISBN#978-1-4521-1054-7


Photo Credit: Gladius - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gladius
Photo Credit: Plumbata - http://openarchaeology.info/issue-2012-2/ea/use-metal-moulds-cast-lead-weights-wooden-shaft-plumbata
Photo Credit: Caltrop - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caltrop
Photo Credit: Trident - http://www.gladiatorschool.tv/retiarius.htm

Western Word of the Week - Grapevine Telegraph - #WesternWordoftheWeek #WesternWednesdays

Howdy!

Welcome to our Weekly Western Word of the Day...or, as I affectionately call it, Western Wednesdays!

Grapevine Telegraph - how news or gossip travelled on the frontier (from ear to ear)

Source:
Cowboy Lingo by Ramon F. Adams; ISBN#0-618-08349-9