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#ModernMarvels - #Locomotives - #HistoryChannel

Modern Marvels - Locomotives (Season 2 Episode 4)

Original air date: May 23, 2008

Zip through the French countryside at nearly 300 MPH on the TGV--the fastest locomotive in the world. Ride on the little engines that could as they guide giant ships through the Panama Canal. Watch two locomotives crash head-on as the federal government monitors safety.

  • 1804 - the steam locomotive arrives
  • The "Fireman" shovels coal into the train's fire to produce steam only when needed
  • He shovels about 1.5 tons of coal per hour
  • The Fireman is on duty 12 hours a day (that could be up to 15 tons of coal a day!)
  • The temperature is around 2500 degrees!
  • The Railroad Engineer is also a technician and may have to make repairs when necessary
  • When 2 locomotives crash head-on, the one with the most momentum will move up/over the second one

Check your local library for a copy or you can buy one from here:

You can also view it via Streaming here:

#Tribes of #Native #America - #Apache

Apache (Tribes of Native America Series) by Marla Felkins Ryan, Linda Schmittroth

ISBN-13: 978-1567116045

Publisher: Blackbirch Press (October 2002)

The Tribes of Native America series from Blackbirch Press delve into the major tribes that have helped shape and form the America we know today in an easy-to-read format and loaded with factual tidbits. This particular book from the series concentrates on the Apache Indian tribe and a handful of famous Apaches (such as Geronimo and Cochise).

  • The word "Apache" comes from a Zuni word, "apachu" which means "enemy"
  • 1540 - Spanish explorers meet the Apache natives for the first time
  • Late 1500's, the Spanish built settlements and missions and forced Apaches into slavery
  • Geronimo (1827 - 1909) was a medicine man and warrior. In 1858, Mexican raiders killed his mother, wife and children.
  • In 1861, the Chiricahua tribe leader, Cochise, is arrested on false kidnapping charges. He escapes but his people are murdered which triggers the Apache Wars.
  • 1874 - Cochise dies.
  • 1886 - Geronimo's band surrenders, effectively marking the end of the Apache's war against white settlement.
  • 1913 - Most of the surviving Chiricahua natives move to the Mescalero Reservation in New Mexico.
  • Apaches build single-family homes called wickiups which are cone or dome-shaped frames covered with brush/skins/mats.
  • Since a lot of Apache bands lived near the Mexican border, they adopted Mexican-style dress and customs.

Find a copy at your local library or you can order one through Amazon: